ESL Term:

Perfect Participle

ESL/EFL Glossary: A Guide to applied linguistics terminology.


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perfect participle:  This is the participle formed using have plus the past participle. For example:

        The army, having fought one battle, was marching into another.

        Having eaten, they were in a better mood for talking.

In these examples, the perfect participles are modifying nouns. Having fought modifies army and having eaten modifies they.