Glossary of ESL terms





EFL Activities for the TEFL Teacher!


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phoneme: a phoneme is the most basic unit of sound.

grapheme: a grapheme is the written representation of a phoneme. A grapheme can consist of one, two, and rarely three or four letters. The phoneme /k/ can be represented by the graphemes C, K, or CK as in cat, kite, and duck.





Phonic Monsters CVC Words Version

The phonic monsters are a fun way to learn and practice phoneme-grapheme correspondences. For a detailed explanation on how to use these cards visit the Phonics Monsters main page. The phonics monsters found here illustrate the phoneme/grapheme correspondences for CVC words such as bed, cat, dog, fin, and sub.

How to use these cards:

                    (1) Download a set of heads, bodies, and tails.

                    (2) Paste them onto poster board and cut them out.

                    (3) Use them as flashcards or to play games like Change It or Rummy.




CVC Words


CVC Words


CVC Words


These cards can be used in conjunction with other phonics CVC word resources found in in the CVC words worksheets and teaching resources section.


Other Phonics Worksheet Sections:

initial sounds | final sounds | select patterns | vowel combinations |  

Consonant Digraphs | Long Vowel Bossy E | Vowel Digraphs

Other Spelling Worksheets:

first words | first verbs | numbers 


Here is a selection of worksheets available for young learners young ESL learners:

 Young Learners | ABC Cards | ABC Mazes | Connect-the-Dots | First Words | Alpha Trains

Little Letters | Big Letters | Opposites | Bingo | Flashcards | Holiday Worksheets



All materials  (c) 2007 Lanternfish Phonics